What Is the Energy Industry?

The energy sector is a category of Industries that relate to producing or supplying energy. The energy sector or industry includes companies involved in the exploration and development of oil or gas reserves, oil and gas drilling, and refining. The energy industry also includes integrated power utility companies such as renewable energy and coal.
The energy sector includes corporations that primarily are in the business of producing or supplying energy such as fossil fuels or renewables.
The energy sector has been an important driver of industrial growth over the past century, providing fuel to power the rest of the economy.
Companies in the energy industry are classified based on how the energy is sourced such as non-renewables or fossil fuels and renewables such as solar.
Securing a sustainable energy future , together
The world is evolving rapidly, with global population expected to rise nearly 30 percent by 2050. So are the challenges, harmful emissions chief among them. And hence, so must the solutions, if we are to meet society’s ever-growing demand for clean energy. We partner with oil and gas customers to navigate the new normal, delivering what matters most: safety, efficiency, reliability, sustainability – and ultimately, peace of mind. 
With more than 30 years of professional activity and expert partners, we offer the following services
  1. The exploration and development of oil or gas reserves
  2. Oil and gas drilling, and refining
  3. Design and construction of oil projects ()
  4. Audit and issue international scientific, engineering and quality standards
  5. Overhaul and operation of semi-active or stopped projects
  6. Product marketing and guaranteed contract management
  7. Supply chain support, supply of green energy, fossil fuels, petrochemical products
  8. Supply of raw materials for refineries
  9. Supply of refinery equipment and tools
  10. Investment and financing of construction and development of refineries
  11. Strategic risk management for energy projects

Understanding the Energy Sector

​The energy sector is a large and all-encompassing term that describes a complex and inter-related network of companies, directly and indirectly, involved in the production and distribution of energy needed to power the economy and facilitate the means of production and transportation.
The companies within the energy sector are involved in various types of energy. For the most part, energy companies are often categorized based on how the energy that they produce is sourced and will typically fall into one of two categories:
  • Petroleum products and oil
  • Natural gas
  • Gasoline
  • Diesel fuel
  • Heating oil
  • Nuclear
  • Hydropower
  • Biofuels such as ethanol
  • Wind power
  • Solar power
The energy industry also includes secondary sources such as electricity. Energy prices—along with the earnings performance of energy producers—are largely driven by the supply and demand for worldwide energy.
Oil and gas producers tend to perform well during periods of elevated oil and gas prices. However, energy companies earn less when the price of energy commodities falls. Oil refiners, on the other hand, benefit from the falling cost of feedstock to produce petroleum products like gasoline when crude oil prices drop. Furthermore, the energy industry is sensitive to political events, which historically have led to volatility—or wild fluctuations—in the price of oil.
Combining OT + IT to move fossil fuels to destination markets with maximum efficiency.


Unlocking the value in natural gas.

Offshore Solutions
Changing the way we power offshore operations.

Onshore Solutions
Harnessing data to enhance asset performance.

Like critical industries everywhere, oil and gas operations make prime targets for cyber threats of all kinds.

Energy Sector Companies of
Golden Diamond Group (GDG)

Below are some of the GDG companies found in the energy industry. Each has a distinct role to play in bringing energy to businesses and consumers : 

A) Oil and Gas Drilling and Production
These is the company that drill, pump, and produce oil and natural gas. Production typically involves pulling oil out of the ground.

B) Pipeline and Refining
Oil and natural gas must be delivered from the production site to a refinery to be refined into a final product such as gasoline. This Company within this portion of the energy sector are called mid-stream providers.

C) Mining Company
Coal company could be classified as energy companies since coal is used to power plants, including nuclear.

D) Renewable Energy
Clean energy has gained traction and investment dollars over the years and is likely to be a growing part of the energy sector in the future. Examples of renewable energy include wind and solar.

E) Chemicals
This company specialize in refining oil and gas into speciality chemicals, although we are one of many larger oil producers are integrated energy producers, meaning we produce multiple types of energy and control the entire process.

F) Examples of Energy Sector Investments
Investors have numerous choices for investment opportunities in the energy industry, including equities of energy companies, mutual funds, ETFs as well as the ability to buy the commodities.

Petroleum refinery testing, research, inspection, and consulting expertise.

Intertek supports oil refinery clients for the entire range of petroleum refining activities with laboratory testing, inspection services, infrastructure integrity, and other expertise. 

From crude oil feedstocks to final petroleum refined products, Intertek helps refinery clients achieve higher production efficiencies, improved quality, and sustained profitability. Petroleum refinery expertise is available on a global basis.

  • Petroleum and Petrochemical Services A-Z
  • Petroleum and Petrochemical Test Directory  

Refinery support services:

  • Crude Oil and Petroleum Feedstocks Tests  
  • Fuel Quality Testing  
  • Petroleum Services
    • Petroleum Laboratory
    • Petroleum Testing
    • Petroleum Cargo Inspection
    • Crude Oil Rail Car Services
    • Refining and Distribution
  • Quality control testing at all stages 
  • Trouble-shooting and Problem-solving 
  • Catalyst Evaluation and Testing  
  • Industrial Inspection 
  • Corrosion Services
  • CO2 Emission Calculation
  • Laboratory Consulting, Evaluation and Benchmarking
  • Hazardous Locations Services
  • And more