GDG Products Market

A bill of lading (BOL) is a legal document issued by a carrier (such as a shipping company) to acknowledge receipt of goods for transportation. It serves as a contract between the shipper and the carrier, outlining the terms and conditions of the shipment. While BOLs are generally considered reliable indicators of a genuine shipping operation, there are instances where fraudulent or falsified BOLs may be used to deceive parties involved in the supply chain.

To ensure the authenticity of a BOL and mitigate the risk of fraud, several measures can be taken:

Verification of Issuing Entity: Confirm the legitimacy of the carrier or shipping company that issued the BOL. Check for any discrepancies between the company’s information on the BOL and publicly available records.

Scrutiny of BOL Details: Carefully examine the details mentioned on the BOL, including the shipper’s and consignee’s information, voyage details, cargo description, and terms of payment. Look for any inconsistencies or irregularities.

Cross-Referencing with Other Documents: Compare the information on the BOL with other relevant shipping documents, such as the commercial invoice, packing list, and insurance certificate. Ensure that all the details match and are consistent.

Checking for Security Features: Many BOLs incorporate security features to prevent counterfeiting, such as watermarks, holograms, or unique serial numbers. Verify the presence and authenticity of these features.

Seeking Independent Verification: If concerns arise regarding the BOL’s authenticity, consider seeking verification from independent sources, such as freight forwarders, customs authorities, or reputable third-party inspection companies.

Utilizing Electronic BOL Systems: Adopt electronic BOL systems that employ blockchain technology or other secure digital platforms. These systems enhance transparency, traceability, and tamper resistance, making it more difficult to create fraudulent BOLs.

By implementing these measures, businesses can enhance their ability to identify genuine BOLs and mitigate the risks associated with a fraudulent shipping document.



Established in Brussels in 2007, Elba grouped European lawyers and business advisors intending to provide the economic and financial global community with state-of-the-art services throughout the most significant and fast-developing markets.

ELBA Solution

Our unique business approach helps us solve business problems, improve business performance, and deliver customer value to businesses of all levels and worldwide.

Change Management

Large businesses can sometimes face high-risk situations during times of change. Our business consultants are here to help businesses create change strategies, minimize risks, and boost their ability to successfully implement.

Business Growth

Running a successful business without the proper experience can be hard in this global and competitive

environment. We help businesses to grow faster healthily and steadily. Our growth strategies and techniques are individually tailored in a way that does not put businesses in high-risk situations.


  • Focuses on corporate clients and institutional investors from the UK, Continental Europe and Middle East.
  • Analyses and structures projects, develop financial models, and creates investor presentations.
  • Organizes equity and non-recourse debt finance.
  • Supports M&A transactions, including detailed contract negotiations.
  • Offers consultancy services such as commercial Due Diligence and commercial contract negotiations.
  • Trade commodities (mainly oil-refined products) and organize financial sale and purchase contracts between suppliers and end buyers, acting as Principal but with no price risk.

Strategy Development

We help our clients in achieving their growth by developing and implementing effective growth strategies.
We have a deep understanding of the issues businesses face during the implementation of strategies and it helps us to reach the strategic goals of our clients successfully. Our foreign policy advisors may come from a variety of backgrounds. They may be former scientists, lawyers, economists, and even teachers. These professionals in international relations perform research through experiential situations and provide the government and other public institutions with their findings in several areas relevant to international relations and foreign policy, such as Trade, Global food supplies, and Energy. We are valuable in a variety of settings, including consulting companies, think tanks, universities, and nonprofit organizations.


Welcome to the Global Legal Network

Dr. Gianluca Meranda

ELBA CEO and President

Dr. Gianluca Meranda is a highly accomplished legal professional with a wealth of expertise in Corporate and International Law. With over three decades of experience, Dr. Meranda has established himself as a prominent and influential figure in the legal field.
Currently, Dr. Meranda serves as the President of ELBA – European Lawyers and Business Advisors in Brussels, where he plays a pivotal role in shaping the organization’s direction and success. Furthermore, Dr. Meranda is a respected Corporate Member of BILA – British Italian Law Association in London, further solidifying his reputation as a legal expert.
Not only is Dr Meranda accomplished in his professional endeavours, but he is also dedicated to sharing his knowledge and experience with the next generation of legal professionals. As a visiting lecturer in EU Law at the University of Orebro in Sweden, he imparts his wisdom and passion for law to aspiring individuals.
Overall, Dr Meranda’s extensive experience, diverse professional affiliations, and commitment to mentorship make him a highly respected and sought-after legal expert.

Gianluca Meranda

Dr. Shahriar Alemi

ELBA Vice President

Dr. Shahriar Alemi, is a highly experienced professional in business development and a senior legal advisor.

He brings over 30 years of expertise in creating valuable networking opportunities within the realm of international trading. Dr Alemi is skilled in effective communication management and has a proven track record of establishing long-term relationships with global customers.

Furthermore, he excels in efficiently managing complex supply chain networks for the distribution of products in diverse industries such as energy, agriculture and food, medicine, aerospace and aviation, petrochemicals, precious metals, and mining.

Shahriar Alemi


ELBA clients, among others

The European CommissionGolden Diamond Group(GDG)McDonnell Douglas Corporation (Boeing)EADS/Eurocopter (Airbus Group)
KUE (Komatsu)Mitsubishi Heavy IndustriesToyota Material HandlingVerwater
Acciona AguaGuangdong Electric Power Design Institute (China Energy)Finmeccanica (Leonardo)FINSO (Fincantieri Group)
Società Italiana per
Condotte d’Acqua
Todini Costruzioni GeneraliProgerItalconsult
Ente Nazionale Aviazione CivileEnte Nazionale Assistenza VoloMonte dei Paschi di SienaBanca Popolare di Sondrio

More than 100 other Gelobal Mega Clients

ELBA Contact Information

Bruxel Office

11, Rue des Colonies
B – 1000 Bruxelles


Rome Office

Via Toscana, 10 – 00187
Rome – Italy


Cell | WhatsApp |  Skype

Official Email 


Bitumen, also known as asphalt, is a black, sticky, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It is primarily used in the construction industry for paving roads, waterproofing roofs and as a binding agent in concrete. Bitumen is also used in the production of various other products such as adhesives, sealants, and coatings. It is a valuable resource and is found in many parts of the world, including Canada, the United States, and the Middle East.


There are several types of bitumen available, each with its own characteristics and applications. Here are some commonly used types:

Penetration Grade Bitumen: This type is classified based on its penetration value, which measures the hardness of the bitumen. It is commonly used in road construction and has different grades, such as 40/50, 60/70, and 80/100.

Polymer Modified Bitumen (PMB): PMB is a blend of bitumen and polymer additives. It offers improved performance in terms of elasticity, durability, and resistance to deformation. PMB is often used for high-stress applications like airports and racetracks.

Cutback Bitumen: Cutback bitumen is a mixture of bitumen and a solvent such as gasoline or kerosene. It is used for spraying applications like prime coats, tack coats, and surface dressings. The solvent evaporates, leaving behind a bitumen film.

Emulsion Bitumen: Emulsion bitumen is a suspension of bitumen droplets in water, stabilized with an emulsifying agent. It is commonly used for surface treatments, such as chip seal and slurry seal, as well as in cold mix applications.

Oxidized Bitumen: This type of bitumen is produced by blowing air through hot bitumen, resulting in increased hardness and higher softening point. It is used primarily for industrial purposes like roofing, pipe coating, and electrical insulation.

These are just a few examples of the various types of bitumen available in the market, each catering to specific applications and requirements.

Bitumen 40-50

Bitumen 60-70

Bitumen 80-100





What is a letter of credit?

A letter of credit is a financial document issued by a bank or financial institution that guarantees payment to a seller on behalf of the buyer, as long as certain conditions are met.

The basic LC procedure

An open LC procedure refers to the process of opening a letter of credit, which is a financial instrument used in international trade to provide payment security for both the buyer and the seller.

  1. Purchase and sales agreement. The buyer and the seller draw up a purchase and sales agreement. …
  2. Buyer applies for letter of credit. …
  3. Issue letter of credit. …
  4. Advise letter of credit. …
  5. Prepare shipment. …
  6. Present documents. …
  7. Payment. …
  8. Document transfer.

What documents required to open LC ?

  • Shipping Bill of Lading.
  • Airway Bill or Bill of Lading 
  • Commercial Invoice and/or SPA (Contract or Agreement)
  • Insurance Certificate.
  • Certificate of Origin.
  • Packing List.
  • Certificate of Inspection.

A commercial invoice is a document that is used to describe the goods that are being shipped. It includes information such as the name and address of the buyer and seller, the description of the goods, the quantity and price of the goods, the terms of payment, and the shipping terms. The commercial invoice is used by customs officials to determine the value of the goods and to assess any duties or taxes that may be due. It is also used by the buyer to verify that the goods that they have ordered have been shipped and to ensure that they are in accordance with the terms of the purchase agreement.

The commercial invoice is typically prepared by the seller of the goods and is given to the buyer at the time of shipment. The buyer then uses the commercial invoice to clear the goods through customs and to obtain any necessary permits or licenses. The commercial invoice is also used by the buyer to file their taxes.

The commercial invoice is a legal document and must be accurate and complete. If the commercial invoice is incorrect, it can lead to delays in customs clearance, fines, or even the seizure of the goods. It is important to ensure that the commercial invoice is prepared correctly by a qualified professional.

Here are some of the key elements of a commercial invoice:

The name and address of the buyer and seller
The description of the goods
The quantity and price of the goods
The terms of payment
The shipping terms
The country of origin of the goods
The Harmonized System (HS) code of the goods
The value of the goods
The weight of the goods
The dimensions of the goods
The packaging of the goods
The insurance value of the goods
The shipping marks and numbers
The name of the carrier
The date of shipment
The port of shipment
The port of destination
The mode of transport
The estimated date of arrival
The signature of the seller
The commercial invoice is an important document that is used in international trade. It is important to ensure that the commercial invoice is prepared correctly by a qualified professional.

A. Swift World

Swift is the way the world moves value. Swift Network does this every single instant of every single day, right across the world. No other organization can address the scale, precision, pace and trust that this demands.
Swift is unique. Swift Mechanism was established to find a better way for the global financial community to move value – a reliable, safe and secure approach that the community can trust, completely. Swift has constantly evolved in an ever-changing landscape, without undermining that trust. Nearly five decades on, our vibrant community reflects the complexity and diversity of the financial ecosystem.

Today, goods and services move more quickly and across greater distances than ever before, so value needs to move further and faster too. Swift vision is for a world in which payments are not only trusted but instant. This system innovates tirelessly, tests exhaustively, and then implements fast. In a connected and challenging era, our approach has never been more relevant. There’s no other organisation like Swift anywhere in the world yet. Without Swift, the world would be a very different place. Swift is trusted every instant.


B. Benefits at a Glance

  • Enhance end-customer experience – upfront transparency on fees and processing times
  • Frictionless, instant transactions – pre-processed and pre-validated payments 
  • Optional mutualised services – for data and compliance, further reducing friction and costs 
  • Expand your reach – strengthen existing business and grow in new areas
Scroll to Top