Diesel Fuel Market

The world of the energy market is a business for professionals.

EN590 10PPM

EN590 is a standard that specifies the requirements for diesel fuel in the European Union. It sets limits on various properties of diesel fuel, including its sulfur content, density, flash point, and cetane number. Diesel fuel that meets the EN590 standard is commonly used in diesel engines in Europe and other parts of the world. The maximum sulfur content allowed in EN590 diesel fuel is 10 parts per million (ppm), which is much lower than the sulfur content in older diesel fuels. This is important because sulfur can contribute to air pollution and can damage the engines and exhaust


The price of EN590 diesel fuel in global markets is influenced by a range of factors, including:

  1. Crude oil prices – Diesel fuel is derived from crude oil, so changes in crude oil prices can have a significant impact on the price of EN590 diesel fuel.
  2. Refining costs – The cost of refining crude oil into diesel fuel, including transportation, labor, and other expenses, can affect the price of EN590 diesel fuel.
  3. Supply and demand – Changes in global demand for diesel fuel, particularly from the transportation sector, can affect the price of EN590 diesel fuel. Similarly, changes in the supply of diesel fuel due to refinery maintenance or unplanned outages can also impact prices.
  4. Government regulations – Government regulations, such as taxes, subsidies, and environmental standards, can affect the price of EN590 diesel fuel in different markets.
  5. Currency exchange rates – The price of EN590 diesel fuel is often denominated in US dollars, so changes in currency exchange rates can affect the price of the fuel in different countries.

Overall, the price of EN590 diesel fuel in global markets can be highly volatile due to these and other factors, and can vary significantly across different regions and countries.

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Identification utility tools

Tank Storage Tracking tool

Due to the sale of products based on the conditions of delivery in tank farm storage tanks, buyers after receiving fuel product identity documents such as TSR or DTA, using online solutions to identify the actual tanks and product inventory in them on the international online site. And confirmed, you can reduce the risk of not being sure about the availability of the product in the tank.

Tank Terminals
Global Petroleum Storage Data

Vessel tracking tool

By utilizing online tools available on reputable international websites, you can track ships and access information about their vessels. This modern approach allows you to accurately determine the location and verify the authenticity of energy cargo documents by entering the IMO or other relevant ship data. Here are the top organizations and websites that are related to this topic.

Marin Traffic Organization
Vessel Finder

Ports & Routs Database

You can use this site for information and to find specialized data such as the capabilities of each port, the distance between the ports, the sea routes between the origin and the destination with the desired speed setting (simulation of shipping operations), etc.

Ports & Marin Routs Website 

Fuel transportation capacities

The capacity of ships carrying diesel fuel can vary widely depending on the size and type of the vessel. However, some common types of tankers used to transport diesel fuel include Panamax tankers, Aframax tankers, and Suezmax tankers. These tankers can have capacities ranging from around 70,000 to 200,000 deadweight tons (DWT)

Mandatory Standard Shipping Documents Index :

  1. Cargo Manifest
  2. Certificate of Origin
  3. Certificate of Quality and Quantity
  4. Customs Declaration
  5. International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code
  6. Inspection Certificate (by International Organization)
  7. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  8. Tank Ship Time Sheet
  9. Tanker Bill of Lading
  10. Ullage report
  11. Master’s Receipt for documents
  12. Master’s Receipt for Sample


Rephrase with Ginger (Ctrl+Alt+E)

The International Maritime Organization (IMO)

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating international shipping. It was established in 1948 and is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. https://www.imo.org/
IMO Ship Numbering FAQ : Download PDF

GDG Delivery Procedure & Proccess

Last Update : 2024 May 19 | Modifed by Eng. A. Lotfi 

GDG Supply Capability Report

Golden Diamond Group is fully prepared to supply the product (EN590 S10PPM), which has the exclusive capability to produce diesel fuel for the world’s leading refineries. The sales capacity of the product depends on the selection procedure of the esteemed customer and their position within the layers of the main buyer company, buyer, intermediary company, and broker company. We have implemented different policies at each level to cater to the needs and satisfaction of our clients. In order to ensure a secure business transaction and purchase, we always advise our customers to consider the following:

1) Enhance your advertising efforts in this market and stay updated with relevant industry knowledge.
2) Seek the assistance of honest and experienced oil professionals as consultants.
3) Initiate the purchase process with a small trial spot.
4) Avoid engaging in broker behavior that could potentially damage your brand’s reputation.
5) Develop professional negotiation and meeting skills.
6) Fulfill all the necessary requirements for each delivery procedure based on standard protocols.
7) Undergo a legal examination of the buyer’s financial capacity through banking mechanisms after negotiations have commenced.
8) Provide intermediaries and brokers with commission commitment documents upon contract conclusion.

CIF (Normal)
All World Safed Ports
800,000 MT per Month
CIF (Express)
Free Port
300,000 MT per Month
Tank To Vessel
Rotterdam | Fujairah
600,000 MT per Month
Tank To Tank
Rotterdam | Fujairah
500,000 MT per Month

World Great Tank Farms

Largest Tank Farm in the World

Tank farms, also known as oil storage terminals or oil depots, are facilities used to store large quantities of petroleum products, such as crude oil, gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. These tank farms play a crucial role in the global oil supply chain.

There are numerous tank farms around the world that are engaged in storing diesel fuel. Some of the most prominent ones include:

  1. • Vopak Terminal Eemshaven (Netherlands)
  2. • Royal Vopak Europoort (Netherlands)
  3. • Neste Oil’s Porvoo Refinery (Finland)
  4. • PBF Energy’s Delaware City Refinery (United States)
  5. • Phillips 66’s Bayway Refinery (United States)
  6. • Marathon Petroleum’s Garyville Refinery (United States)
  7. • Valero Energy’s Benicia Refinery (United States)
  8. • Tesoro Corporation’s Anacortes Refinery (United States)
  9. • BP’s Cherry Point Refinery (United States)
  10. • ExxonMobil’s Baton Rouge Refinery (United States)

While it is difficult to provide an exact ranking of the top 10 tank farms in the world due to the constantly changing nature of the industry and the lack of publicly available data, here are some of the largest and most well-known tank farms globally:

  1. Ras Tanura Terminal (Saudi Arabia) : Located on the Persian Gulf, Ras Tanura Terminal is one of the largest oil terminals in the world. It has a capacity of over 33 million barrels and is a key export point for Saudi Arabia’s oil production.

  2. Port of Singapore (Singapore) : The Port of Singapore is one of the busiest and largest oil trading hubs in the world. It has numerous tank farms and terminals with significant storage capacity.

  3. Houston Ship Channel (United States) : The Houston Ship Channel in Texas is home to several tank farms and refineries. It serves as a major hub for oil and gas storage and transportation in the United States.

  4. Rotterdam (Netherlands) : Rotterdam is Europe’s largest port and an important oil storage and trading center. It has various tank farms and terminals with substantial storage capacity.

  5. Fujairah Oil Terminal (United Arab Emirates) : Located in the UAE, Fujairah Oil Terminal is a major oil storage and trading hub in the Middle East. It has a significant storage capacity and serves as a strategic location for global oil trade.

  6. Cushing (United States): Cushing, Oklahoma, is a key hub for crude oil storage in the United States. It serves as a major delivery point for oil futures contracts and has significant tank farm facilities.

  7. Ulsan (South Korea) : Ulsan, located on the southeastern coast of South Korea, is home to several large tank farms and oil terminals. It serves as a crucial energy hub in East Asia.

  8. Yanbu Industrial City (Saudi Arabia) : Yanbu Industrial City in Saudi Arabia houses several tank farms and refineries. It plays a vital role in the country’s oil production and export.

  9. Primorsk (Russia) : Primorsk is a major oil terminal located on the Baltic Sea in Russia. It has significant storage capacity and plays a crucial role in Russia’s oil export operations.

  10. Corpus Christi (United States) : Corpus Christi


Quality Factors of Diesel Fuel Production 

The quality of diesel fuel EN590 depends on several factors, including:

  1. Sulfur content :
    EN590 specifies a maximum sulfur content of 10 parts per million (ppm) for the fuel. Lower sulfur content results in lower emissions of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter.
  2. Cetane number :
    EN590 requires a minimum cetane number of 51. A higher cetane number indicates better ignition quality and improved engine performance.
  3. Density :
    EN590 specifies a density range of 820 to 845 kg/m3 at 15°C. Density affects the energy content of the fuel and its ability to flow through pipelines.
  4. Distillation characteristics :
    EN590 specifies distillation characteristics, such as the temperature at which 10% and 90% of the fuel has evaporated. These characteristics affect the cold flow properties of the fuel.
  5. Stability :
    EN590 requires the fuel to be stable under normal storage conditions. Fuel stability affects its ability to resist degradation and the formation of deposits in fuel storage tanks and engines.
  6. Lubricity :
    EN590 requires the fuel to have a minimum lubricity value. Lubricity affects the ability of the fuel to lubricate engine components and prevent wear and damage. 

We consistently monitor the quality to guarantee the safety and well-being of consumers.

Analyze Specification

Aspect Color Clear 2.0ASTM D1500
Cetane Numberno51.0 minEN ISO 5165:1998
Cetane Indexindex48.0 minEN ISO 4264:1996
Density at 15oCKg/m3820 min to 845 maxEN ISO 3675 EN ISO 12185:96 C1:2001
Policyclic Aromatic Hydrocarb%(m/m)11.0 maxEN 12916:2001
Sulfur Contentmg/kg10.0 maxEN ISO 20884:2004
Flash PointOCAbove 55(1)EN ISO 2719:2002
Carbon Residue  (on 10% Dist. Residue)%(weight)0.3 maxEN ISO 10370:1995
Ash ContentmgKOH/g0.03 maxEN ISO 6245:2002
Water Contentmg/kg200 maxEN ISO 12937:2000 ASRM D 2709
Total Contaminationmg/kg15 maxEN 12662: 2002 ASRM D 2709
Copper Strip Corrosion  (3 Hours at 50OC)mg/kgClass 1EN ISO 2160:1998
Oxidation Stabilityg/m320 minEN ISO 12205:1996
Lubricity, WSD at 60OCM3460 maxEN ISO 12156-1:2000
Viscosity at 40OCmm2/sec2.00 min to 4.50 maxEN ISO 3104:1996

.Distillation Vol. Recovered at:




95% Point

% (V/V)



2,0 max

65,0(2) max

85,0(2) min

360,0 max

EN ISO 3405:2000
Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) Content% (V/V)5 maxEN 14078
Total AciditymgKOH/g0,3 maxASTM D 974
Electrical Conductivity(4)Ps/m50 minASTM 2624; ISO 6297
Biodiesel Content(5) 0EN 14078:2003
C.F.P.P (Summer) (3)OC0EN 116:1997 ASTM 6371 IP 300
C.F.P.P (Winter) (3)OC-10EN 116:1997 ASTM 6371 IP 300
Cloud Point (Summer)OCReportEN 23015:1994 ASTM 2400 ASTM 2771
Cloud Point (Winter)OC0EN 23015:1994 ASTM 2400 ASTM 2771


ASIA | Top 10 Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Reliance Industries Ltd., India
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd., India
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd., India
  • Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd., India
  • Petron Corporation, Philippines
  • Pertamina, Indonesia
  • Binh Son Refining and Petrochemical Company, Vietnam
  • Thai Oil Public Company Limited, Thailand
  • Formosa Petrochemical Corporation, Taiwan
  • SK Energy, South Korea

South America | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Petrobras, Brazil
  • YPF, Argentina
  • Ecopetrol, Colombia
  • ENAP, Chile
  • Petroperú, Peru

North America | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • ExxonMobil, USA
  • Valero Energy, USA
  • Marathon Petroleum, USA
  • Phillips 66, USA
  • Imperial Oil, Canada
  • Suncor Energy, Canada

Rusia & CIS Countries | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Gazprom Neft, Russia
  • Rosneft, Russia
  • Lukoil, Russia
  • Tatneft, Russia
  • Surgutneftegas, Russia
  • Bashneft, Russia
  • KazMunayGas, Kazakhstan
  • Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries, Turkmenistan
  • Baku Oil Refinery, Azerbaijan

Middle East | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
  • Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), United Arab Emirates
  • Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC), Kuwait
  • Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco), Bahrain
  • Qatar Petroleum, Qatar
  • National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), Iran

EUROP | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Total, France
  • BP, United Kingdom
  • Shell, Netherlands
  • Eni, Italy
  • ExxonMobil, Belgium
  • Repsol, Spain
  • OMV, Austria
  • PKN Orlen, Poland
  • Neste, Finland
  • Galp Energia, Portugal

Africa | Top Refineries

here are some of the refineries in Asia that produce diesel fuel EN590:

  • Sonatrach, Algeria
  • Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC), Egypt
  • National Oil Corporation of Kenya (NOCK), Kenya
  • Société Ivoirienne de Raffinage (SIR), Ivory Coast
  • Société Nationale de Raffinage (SONARA), Cameroon
  • Société Africaine de Raffinage (SAR), Senegal
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